Das Auswendiglernen kann eine herausfordernde Aufgabe sein, aber es gibt einige bewährte Methoden, die dir dabei helfen können. Hier sind einige Tipps, um das Auswendiglernen effektiver zu gestalten:
Understand the content: first, try to really understand the content you want to memorise. If you understand the meaning behind it, it will be easier to remember the details.
Repetition: Repetition is one of the most effective methods of memorisation. Divide the content you want to learn into smaller sections and repeat them regularly. For example, you can repeat a certain amount of material every day to make sure it stays in your memory.
Visualisation: Use visualisation to make the content more vivid. Create diagrams, mind maps or other graphical representations to illustrate connections and relationships. Visual elements can aid memory and make memorisation easier.
Make connections: Connect the content to be learned with existing knowledge or make associations with things you already know. By linking new information to familiar concepts, you create mental anchor points that facilitate recall.
Use mnemonics: Mnemonics are special techniques that make it easier to remember information. Examples include creating mnemonic devices, using acronyms or memorising information in the form of rhymes or songs.
Active learning: Use different methods of active learning, such as reading the material aloud, creating your own summaries or teaching the material to someone else. By actively engaging with the content, you can improve memorisation.
Take breaks: Don’t overload your brain by spending hours trying to memorise information. Take regular breaks to maintain your concentration and rest your brain.
Sleep: Sleep plays an important role in learning and memory. Make sure you get enough sleep as this helps to consolidate what you have learned in your memory.
Review and repeat: After you have gone through the content to be learnt for the first time, repeat it regularly to refresh what you have learnt. Spacing and interleaving are two techniques that can help make revision more effective.
Be patient: Memorisation takes time and patience. Be patient with yourself and give yourself enough time to learn the content. Avoid putting yourself under pressure as this can make learning more difficult.
Experiment with these different methods and see which works best for you. Everyone has different learning preferences, so it can be helpful to try different approaches to find the most effective method for you. The following German websites are full of advice on how best to learn by heart:
- Ein Memorising a poem
- Tips for memorising
- Memorising poems
- Memorising poems in a timed manner
- Learning tips for memorising
- Learning technique with a crowbar: Memorising